Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Anthropometric measurements

A Cross Sectional Study to Assess and Compare the Efficiency of Older Anthropometric Measurements with Newer Parameters in Predicting the Risk of Diabetes Mellitus among the Urban Population of Mandya City in Karnataka, India.

Dr Nimisha V, Dr Pushpa Sarkar, Dr Mythri S, Dr Raghunath H, Mrs Drisya Madayil

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 1808-1818

Obesity is a major risk factor for Diabetes Mellitus(DM). Older anthropometric measurements like Body Mass Index(BMI), Waist Circumference(WC), Waist Circumference Height ratio(WHt ratio) etc and newer ones like A Body Shape Index(ABSI) and Body Roundness Index(BRI) are used to detect obesity. This study was undertaken to determine the utility of newer and older anthropometric measurements in predicting the risk of DM among urban population of Mandya city.
Methods: Fasting Blood Sugar(FBS) and anthropometric measurements like BMI, WC, WHt ratio, BRI and ABSI were measured. Correlation analysis, Odds Ratio and ROC curves were analyzed to know the ability of each anthropometric measurement in predicting the risk of DM.
Results: Overall prevalence of DM in the study population was 23.4%. All anthropometric measurements except ABSI were significantly high in subjects with DM. According to OR value, WHt ratio(2.254) was the best predictor of DM, followed by BMI(Asia Pacific classification) with 2.16.Older anthropometric measurements such as BMI(r=0.252;p=0.000*), WC(r=0.230;p=0.000) showed a significantly positive correlation with FBS compared to BRI and ABSI. According to ROC curves, the highest AUC was found with older methods such as WC(0.617) and BMI(0.616) followed by WHt ratio(0.595) and newer methods such as BRI(0.595) and ABSI(0.542).
Conclusion: Older anthropometric measurements have better discriminatory powers and significant strength of association with DM compared to newer ones. Establishing newer reference ranges of FBS for Asian population and incorporation of Asia Pacific Guidelines of BMI classification at all levels of health care in India is needed for better risk stratification and the prevention of DM.

Anthropometric measurements of medial and lateral malleoli to study and aid better implant profile

Dr. K Sivaprasad, Dr. Neel Pasrija, Dr. Roshan Kumar BN, Dr. I Suresh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 190-197

Ankle fractures are amongst the commonest type of fractures treated by orthopaedic surgeons. The
incidence of such fractures has increased since the last three decades in both the younger and elderly
population, as well as due to increased vehicle accidents. Pre-reduction and pre-operative radiological
assessments, extrapolated on long term clinical results, have helped to improve the management of these
fractures. Without mentioning the nature of contouring to be done, restoration of proper tilts/rotation and
malleolar lengths, especially in comminuted fractures can be very challenging. The current study has
been carried out to ascertain the various anthropometric parameters to help in designing of such implants.
Radiographs of Twenty Cadaveric ankle specimen were obtained and Anthropometric measurements of
the lateral & medial malleolus of twenty cadaveric fibula & tibia of same specimen were carried out and
the radiographs of ankles of 500 volunteers formed the material for the study. The length and width of
lateral & medial malleolus in coronal and Sagittal planes, the angles subtended by various bends of the
medial surface of medial malleolus and lateral surface of lateral malleolus in radiographs of cadaveric
tibia and volunteers were measured. The data collected has been recorded and analyzed. It is hoped that
the measurement of the various parameters will be of value for scientific designing of implants for
fixation of malleolar fractures.