Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Occlusal Plane


Validity of Camper’s Plane and Its Relevance to Naturally Existing Occlusal Plane

Virag Srivastava, Naina Agarwal, Amrit Tandan, Swati Gupta, Manoj Upadhyay

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1398-1403

Introduction:The most commonly practiced method of orienting the occlusal plane is to
make it parallel to the ala-tragus or Camper’s plane. This study was, therefore,
undertaken to evaluate the validity of Tragus used in marking “ala-tragus line” while
establishing the occlusal plane by measuring the angle between landmarks and their
parallelism with occlusal plane.
Aims & Objective:The objective of the study is to evaluate the reliability of the most
commonly used extra oral landmark i.e. Ala-tragus line in determination of occlusal
plane in edentulous patients by comparing it with dentulous subjects.
Materials& Methods:Lateral cephalograms of Dentulous subjects were taken & were
subjected to Cephalometric analysis after tracing. Angles between Ala-tragus line &
occlusal plane was measured & subjected statistical analysis.
Conclusion:It was found that Ala-tragus line is not parallel to occlusal plane in natural
dentition as an angle exists between the two. However, it can assist in locating the
occlusal plane in edentulous patients.

CHANGES IN OCCLUSAL PLANE INCLINATION FOLLOWING ORTHOGNATHIC MANDIBULAR SETBACK SURGERY

Sanjay Sundararajan; Janani Jayapal; Srinivasan Boovaraghavan; R. Devaki Vijayalakshmi; Ratna Parameswaran

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 991-1001
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.09.100

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate maxillary and mandibular skeletal changes, and OP inclination changes in combined surgical-orthodontically treated patients skeletal class III patients by Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy setback. Further analyze the variations of OP inclination related to functionality, esthetics, and subset-based dentition analysis, and analyze the correlation between skeletal and Occlusal plane parameters.
Methods: A research for the pre besides post treatment cephalograms in patients with a mean age of 23± 2.7 years who met the requirements for inclusion was conducted.  The skeletal and occlusal plane parameters were mapped and calculated using the programme of Ilexis, (Sweden) FACAD AB-2017 Version 3.9.0.  To compare the variables between occlusal parameters and skeletal pre in addition post treatment the opposite t-test was used.  The Correlations between skeletal parameters and occlusal plane variables were determined with the bivariate correlation coefficient.
Results: The results show a very high statistically significant increase in the FOP and BOP. However, based on the inclination changes of OP related to subset dentitions, the maxillary dentition shows no significant changes. The inclination of OP related to mandibular subset dentition shows significant changes. The correlation analysis reveals a skeletal parameter of the inclination of the mandible relates to the changes in the inclination of OP.
Conclusion: The surgical-orthodontic approach involving BSSO setback resulted in a significant change concerning the occlusal lane inclination.
 

FACEBOW

PRAVEEN P; RAGAVENDRA JAYESH

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 1630-1636

Hinge axis is defined as an imaginary line passing through the two mandibular condyles around which the mandible rotates without translatory movement. Face bow helps to relate the arc of closure or hinge axis of the mandible to the cranium. It records the opening & closing path of movement. Face bow transfer is an integral part in analyzing & studying the occlusion. Face bow record helps in securing anteroposterior positioning of cast in relation to condyles. It also helps in achieving the exact anteroposterior or vertical positioning of cast in relation to condyles.