Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : non-neoplastic lesions


Study of Clinicopathological Examination of Ovarian Lesions in a Teaching Hospital

Manisha Jain, M. Sowbhagyalaxmi, BushraMaheena

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1195-1205

Background: Ovary is the commonest site of physiological and pathological lesions
which can present in any age group and are common gynaecological problems
encountered by gynaecologists in their daily practice. Aim of the study: To study
Clinical, Radiological and Histopathological examination of ovarian lesions ina teaching
hospital .
Materials and Methods: Prospective observational study was done in the Departmentof
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ShadanInstitute of Medical Sciences, Teaching hospital
and Research Centrefor duration of 01 year ie, from January 2021 to December 2021 on
100 ovarian specimens.
Results: Non neoplastic ovarian lesions constituted 84% and follicular cyst constituted
51.1%,next common was Corpus luteal cyst comprised 19%. Among 16 neoplastic cases
Surface epithelial tumours occupied 75%. Germ cell tumors constituted 18.7% and sex
cord stromal tumors constituted 6.2%.
Conclusion: Weanalyzed 100 ovarian lesions with respect to their clinical and
histopathological profile. Abdominal discomfort was the most common clinical
presentation. Benign tumours were more common than malignant ones across all age
groups. On histopathological examination, tumours originating from the surface
epithelium were the most common variant.

A CLINICAL STUDY OF SONOGRAPHY AND COLOUR DOPPLER IN CORRELATION WITH ITS HISTOPATHOLOGY OF PEDIATRIC NON NEOPLASTIC SCROTAL MASSES

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Choudhary, Dr. KavitaChoudhary, Dr. Rambir Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1488-1493

Background: Testicular trauma and obstructed hernia can be differentiated by taking history from patient. Physical examination adds only a little information. Color Doppler ultrasound (US) is the modality of choice to differentiate testicular torsion from inflammatory conditions and can thus help in avoiding unnecessary surgical explorations. Color Doppler US alone has a limited role in the evaluation of testicular tumours. Gray-scaleultrasonography in combination with color Doppler imaging is a well-accepted technique for assessing scrotal lesions andtesticular perfusion.
Aims and Objectives: To Evaluate the study of Sonography and Colour Doppler in correlation with its histopathology and pediatric non neoplastic scrotal masses and also to compare non-neoplastic and neoplastic scrotal masses by characterization on B-modescan and Colour Doppler ultrasonography.
Material and Methods: The present study was carried out in 100 patients with clinically suggestive scrotal lesions. All cases were subjected to real time sonography examination. Main stress was laid to determine of organ of scrotal lesion to evaluate its nature size and echo texture and to see the results on management of serial Ultrasonography.
Results: Of 56 cases of non-inflammatory scrotal swellings, 5 cases wereneoplastic lesions, remaining 51 cases were non-neoplastic swellings. The 5 cases of neoplastic swellings were three cases of testicular neoplasm, two case of spermatic cord neoplasm which was histopathologically confirmed.
Conclusion: When color Doppler sonography is supplemented with High frequency gray scale US, the sensitivity of diagnosing acute scrotal pathology will be increased.