Keywords : Flaviviridae
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 872-877
Introduction: Dengue fever, a mosquito-borne disease that occurs in tropical and subtropical
areas of the world, is considered to be a significant threat for the mankind in both developing
and developed countries.It causes a wide spectrum of illness from mild asymptomatic illness to
severe fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome. Its impact today is thirty times
>50 years ago. Global incidence of dengue has drastically upped in the last few years.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in the department of microbiology at
Government general hospital,siddipet fpr a period of one year , that is from January 2019 to
December 20219. Blood was collected from each patient suspected to be suffering from
dengue, at least 3 days after onset of fever. Serum was tested for the presence of dengue NS1
antigen and antihuman IgM antibodies using Panbio Dengue Early enzyme-linked
immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit and National Institute of Virology. Results: A total of
2251 were tested over a period of one years i.e. from January 2019 to December 2019. Out of
which 592 (26.29%) were sero-positive for dengue with symptoms of classical dengue fever.
IgM in 349(58.9%) NS1- 243 (41.04%). Conclusion: As vaccines or antiviral drugs are not
available for dengue viruses, the only effective way to prevent dengue is to control the
mosquito vector, Aedes aegypti and prevent its bite.