Keywords : Spectrum Sensing
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 921-932
Cognitive radio is a software-based technology that provides dynamical access to unused or underused spectrum bands and enables spectrum sharing without causing any disadvantage among users. The performance of the cognitive radio in wireless communication networks depends on the accurate and fast detection of spectrum gaps.
The idea of Cognitive Radio is to share the spectrum between a so-called primary user and a so-called secondary user. The main objective of this spectrum management is to obtain a maximum rate of exploitation of the radio spectrum, for this cooperation between users is necessary. This paper provides a spectrum sensing approach using cooperation and competition to solve the spectrum allocation problem and thus ensure better management. The aim of spectrum detection is to detect spectrum gaps accurately and quickly. Therefore, the performance of cognitive radio networks largely depends on the spectrum sensing function. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Cultural Algorithm (CA) are proposed to increase spectrum detection performance in cognitive radio networks. The collaborative spectrum detection performance analysis of the proposed method was performed in Rayleigh fading channel in addition to the non-damped AWGN channel. As a result of simulation studies, it has been shown that a more effective perception can be made in cognitive radio networks by optimizing the threshold value expression from the historical data