Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : physical environment


Effect of Physical Environment and Prisoner's Behavior with the Implementation of Control Programs against the Incidence of TB in Makassar City

Haeruddin .; A. Rizki Amelia; Samsualam .; Ma'syari Arfah Tihurua

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 78-88

Purpose - To analyses the influence of physical environment and prisoner's behavior by the implementation of control programs on the incidence of TB in Makassar City.
Methods - Samples in this study were 90 people who were taken based on people having symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis which included age, sex, level of education, occupation, and length of stay in prison, humidity, water temperature, room lighting, occupancy density, discharge behavior. Sputum / spit carelessly, smoking habits, cough / sneezing ethics, room contact with friends and implementation of control programs.
Results - The incidence of pulmonary TB ie from 90 respondents who suspected there were 41 respondents (45.6%). Variables that are significantly related to TB incidence are the discard phlegm on a reckless place variable, p = 0.008 (p <0.05). Discard phlegm on a reckless place against respondents affected by tuberculosis were 29 people (29%). Variable cough / sneezing ethics obtained p = 0.001 (p <0.05). More respondents were found when cough / sneezing was performed correctly on respondents who did not have tuberculosis in the amount of 25 people (52.1%). Variabel room contact with friends, p = 0.002 (p <0.05). Respondents of room contact with friends were bad for respondents who experienced tuberculosis, namely by 34 people (57.6%).
Conclusion - Discard phlegm on a reckless place, cough / sneezing ethics, room contact with friends are significantly related to TB incidence in Makassar City.

The effect of personal, physical environmental, and socio-economic factors onpreventive behaviour of leprosy transmission among lepers

Laily Hidayati; Bilqies Rahma Mustikawati; Nadia Rohmatul Laili

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 728-734

Leprosy is an infectious disease that requires health behaviour modification to combat the disease and at the same time to prevent thetransmission. This study aimsto determine the relationship between personal, physical environmental, and socio-economic factors andthe preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission. This study was a correlational descriptive analytic study with a cross sectional approach.As many as 60 out of 77 lepers in Surabaya were chosenthrougha purposive sampling technique. The dependent variable was the preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission, while the independent variables were personal, physical environmental, and socio-economic factors. Data was collected using questionnairesand then was analyzedby using Spearman’s Rho and Chi-Square test with α= 0.05. The study revealed that preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission was significantly related with age (p=0.033), gender or sex (p=0.002), education (p=0.016), occupation (p=0.043), knowledge (p=0,000), physical environment (p=0,012), family support (p=0,000), income (p=0,000) and stigma (p=0,043). Age and stigma performed a negative relationship with the preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission. Otherwise, education, knowledge, and physical environment showed a positive relationship. Further researchis expectedto provide intervention to promotethe preventive behaviour of leprosy transmission