Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Body

Assessment of Normal Adrenal Gland Thickness on Computerized Tomography in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Karnataka, India

Dr. Shilpa Devakar, Dr. Sushrit A. Neelopant

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 2666-2672

Background: Adrenal glands are vital part of endocrine system but very little has been
described in literature about normalcy of the glands. CT (computerized tomography) is
a very good modality to describe the morphology of the glands. Many conditions can be
diagnosed by knowing the radiological anatomy of the glands. The objectives is to assess
the normal adrenal gland thickness in adult population and to evaluate the relationship
of thickness with age and gender.
Materials and Methods: It is a hospital based cross-sectional study for a period of 1 year
in which the adult patients who underwent CT angiogram of the upper abdomen for
clinical indications other than adrenals were included. 1000 scans were included in the
study. The maximum thickness of the body, the medial and the lateral limbs were
measured at right angles to their long axis, in both adrenal glands.
Results: The mean age of the study participants was 54 ± 7.5 years and total of 700
males and 300 females were included. Mean maximum thickness of the right adrenal
gland body, medial limb, and lateral limb were 7.16 ± 1.67mm, 4.23 ± 1.45mm and 4.45
± 1.19mm respectively. The difference in all the measurements of the right and left sides
in which, left being larger than the right was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The
differences between the measurements among males and females were statistically
significant. There was positive correlation between the patient age and all the adrenal
gland measurements.
Conclusion: We recommend the use of our data as a useful baseline reference range for
the Indian adult population, and a guide for radiologists who can use this in their
routine cross-sectional reporting practice when they encounter a doubtful “bulky” or
“diffuse smoothly enlarged” adrenal gland.

Dance and Music as a Therapy to Heal Physical and Psychological Pain: An Analytical Study of COVID-19 Patients during Quarantine

A. Cineka; J.Michael Raj

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 99-109

This paper delineates that involvement to dance and music is an active therapy that offers physical and psychological benefits for the people who affected with diseases. It is closely connected with human emotions which reduce the psychological pain and depression of people when they are getting involved with music and dance. Due to the outbreak of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), patients are totally under stress and fear for life and livelihood. To overcome this perilous situation, involvement to dance and music is suggested to be an apt therapy that fights against the psychological and emotional effects through its unique power. Involvement to dance and music serves as a useful vehicle of hope and positivity to patients who are under quarantine. Hence, this paper aims to study the collaborative understanding of COVID-19 patients’ perspectives on the involvement to dance and music and how it relieves their psychological pain and gains their physical strength while diverting them from fear to during quarantine. There are 215 COVID-19 patients taken as subjects from Tamilnadu, India. There were ten questionnaires used to collect the data through Google forms. The data was analyzed through ANOVA calculation. The major finding of the study indicates that involvement to dance and music brings immeasurable healing to body and mind. Furthermore, this study recommends dance and music to be used as a therapy for COVID-19patients all over the world to keep them healthy and positive.