Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : newborns


Study on Evaluating the Nutritional Status of Preterm Very Low Birth Weight Infants at Discharge

Poornima Modi, Siddharth Ramji, Sangeeta Yadav

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 5939-5944

Background: The risk factor that is linked with both the morbidity and mortality is estimated to be low birth weight (LBW). LBW is defined by the World Health Organization as weight at birth less than 2500 g. Therefore this study was carried out to evaluate the nutritional status of preterm very low birth weight infants at discharge.
Materials and Methodology: This study was carried out as a prospective cohort study which was conducted in the Newborn unit of Department of Pediatrics at Maulana Azad Medical College and associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi. During the study period, which was from April 2009- March 2010, the initial screening and enrolment took place between April 2009 to October 2009. A 130 preterm neonates weighing less than 1500 grams were screened for eligibility. 80 subjects were finally enrolled for the study and 51 completed the complete follow up to 3 months corrected post-natal age.
Results: There was no significant difference with regard to any of the maternal characteristics. In none of the 80 infants enrolled for the study was there any evidence of chorio-amnionitis or chronic illness in mother and none of the mothers were smokers. There was no significant difference for the baseline neonatal characteristics between subjects who completed the study and those who were loss to follow up.
Conclusion: Exclusive breast feeding does not decrease the burden of extra uterine growth restriction among very low birth weight preterm infants. It is possible that the extra uterine growth restriction for weight and length would decrease if the infants were followed for a longer time, which is the limitation of this study.

METABOLIC STATUS AS AN INDICATOR OF POST-HYPOXIC COMPLICATIONS IN NEWBORNS BORN IN ASPHXIA

Hilola Fayzullaeva; Oksana Kim; Zarifa Saidmurodova; Kakhhor Halikov; Muhiba Abdullaeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2370-2374

The protection of motherhood and childhood is a priority area of health care in
our Republic; this provision is enshrined in fundamental government documents,
programs for reforming the health system, and a program for creating a healthy
generation. According to the International Consensus on Resuscitation of the Newborn,
more than a million newborns die every year in the world, and in 19% of cases the cause of
death is asphyxiation

SOLUTIONS MICRONUTRIENTVITAMINS DEFICIENCY IN LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS

Nigora Ahrarova; Marguba , Umarov; Zilola Sharipova; Aziza Saidova; Iroda Khodjaeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2410-2418

Abstract. Insufficient supply of pregnant women with micronutrients leads to the
development of a number of congenital malformations of the fetus. In order to study the
multivitamin-mineral complexes application’s effect on pregnant women during
pregnancy, and on intrauterine fetal growth and development. Was revealed that a
deficiency of bioelements and vitamins in mothers is a common cause of intrauterine
growth retardation, serious violations of organs and systems functioning. So, it is indicates
integrated approach significance in the treatment of microelementosis in pregnant.

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Gastroschisis In Newborns

Ruzmatov Izzatbek Bakhtiyorovich; Ergashev Bakhtiyor Berdalievich; Sapaev Otabek Kadirovich; Atashov Aybek Raimberganovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 3853-3859

Objective: Optimization of diagnostics and treatment of gastroschisis in newborn infants.
Material and Methods: We observed 92 patients with gastroschisis. Among them boys - 51 (55,4%), girls - 41 (44,6%). Born full-term - 47 (51%), preterm - 45 (49%) children. On the first day (0-24 hours) after birth received 78 (84.8%) patients, 24-48 hours - 12 (13%) and 48-72 hours - 2 (2.2%) children.
Results: In 60 (65.3%) revealed a total form, in 27 (29.3%) and subtotal in 5 (5.4%) - a local form of gastroschisis. 51 (55.4%) of 92 children diagnosed prenatally pathology. Ultrasonographic findings of gastroschisis were uneven contours of the anterior abdominal wall, and the defect was located a short distance from the umbilical cord. In our studies, ultrasound accuracy in gastroschisis was 100%. Surgery performed 84 (91,3%) patients. 65 (77,4%) neonates with total, subtotal and local form performed radical surgery. In 17 (18.5%) cases made-stage surgical correction. Postoperatively, 52 died (61.9%) children. The most common cause of postoperative mortality were aspiration pneumonia, and sclerema oligoanuria as a result of hypothermia on the road and a painful shock and sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis, cardiovascular and respiratory failure.