Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Association

A Study of association of serum magnesium and zinc levels in diabetics

Dr. Ramesh Dnyanadeo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1316-1320

Background: Hypomagnesaemia and hypermagnesuria was reported to be associated with diabetes complications. Thus, magnesium has drawn considerable attention for its potential role in improving insulin sensitivity and preventing DM. Zinc, another important trace element, acting as a cofactor for several biochemical processes has a major role in health status. There is substantiating evidence indicating the importance of zinc in DM. Impaired zinc metabolism, decreased plasma zinc and hyperzincuria has been reported as a consequential effect of glucose absorption. But limited studies have been conducted in this part of the world. This study puts in an effort to find the answers.
Aims and Objectives: To study the association of serum magnesium and zinc levels in diabetics.
Materials and Methods: This study was done in the Department of General Medicine, SSPM’S Medical College and Lifetime Hospital, Padve.
This study was done from Jan 2019 to Dec 2020.
Ninety and an equal age and sex matched control were used for the study.
Results: There is a strong association between the serum magnesium and zinc levels in diabetics when compared to normal individuals.
Conclusion: More number of studies have to come up in different geographical locations so as to be helpful to the practicing physicians.


Pritpal Singh; Mohd Farhan; Parampal Singh.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 2040-2048

Aim: This research focuses on studying the association between workplace efficiency and
customer satisfaction in tertiary hospitals of Punjab. Material and Methods: Study to find
efficiency was conducted with the help of data envelopment analysis. Data envelopment analysis
focuses on finding efficiency through input /output-based model which follows linear
mathematical formulas. Demand of health services are increasing but availability of health
services is still big issue. In that case, it will become very important for hospitals to optimally
utilize their existing resources with proper efficiency measurements. Hospitals of different sizes
are selected and size is dependent upon bed strength of hospitals. Results: Result explains that
efficiency is considered to be negative moderator between relation of number of specialized
doctors and patient satisfaction. Conclusion :Results in research suggested that higher level of
efficiency level of hospitals lessen the positive effect of specialized doctors on patient
satisfaction In this study medical hospital efficiency applies a negative control between
accessibility of specialists and patient satisfaction,. This study gives the proof that medical
hospital size has a critical negative impact on efficiency of hospital i.e. Present research
indicates that smaller hospitals have a higher level of efficiency than larger and medium-size
hospitals, smaller size hospitals average efficiency is .80. The average efficiency of medium size
hospitals is .75 and the large hospital is .71.

Association Between Personality Traits, Dental Anxiety And Socioeconomic Profile With The Dental Myths Among Adults In Chennai City, India

Divya Raghunathan; Preetha Elizabeth Chaly; Mohammed Junaid; Shyam Sivaswamy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 108-118
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.05.11

Purpose: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between personality traits, dental anxiety and socioeconomic profile with the dental myths among adults in Chennai City, India.
Methods: A pilot study was conducted among 90 adults aged 18 years and above by multistage random sampling methodology across the socioeconomic groups. The final sample size was found to be 162. A validated and a reliable, bilingual, self-administered questionnaire consisting of four sections namely 1. The demographic details, 2. Personality traits, 3. Modified Dental Anxiety and 4. A 26-item dental myth questionnaire. The collected data was analysed using SPSS version 20.0 and Chi -square test, One way ANOVA and correlations were done and a p-value
Results: Dental myth scores was found to be more in the middle social class, followed by the lower and higher social class and this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.21). The personality traits and dental anxiety were found to be weakly correlated with dental myth scores.
Conclusion: The startling results of the study have shown no relationship between socioeconomic status, dental anxiety, personality traits with the occurrence of dental myths.

Effects Of Bituminaria Bituminosa (L.) Stirton On The Growth Of Atriplex Nummularia Lindl

Zennouhi Omar; El Mderssa Mohamed; Rfaki Abderrazak; Ibijbijen Jamal; Nassiri Laila

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 453-461

In Morocco, forests are under severe pressure because of the intense needs of the population for land used for food crops and wood for domestic or industrial use. To this over-exploitation is added climatic and edaphic aridifications which accentuate the phenomenon of erosion, the degradation and the decrease of soil fertility. Consequently, alternative strategies based on the use of appropriate plants are needed to restore and / or to rehabilitate degraded lands and to improve crop production.
In many countries, Bituminaria bituminosa is used; this shrub has attracted considerable attention related to its important role in nitrogen fertilization, soil protection against erosion and significant productivity improvement (Yates et al.,2009).
Also, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of Bituminaria-rhizobia symbiosis on associated plants such Atriplex nummularia.
So, a trial was conducted under-greenhouse at the Faculty of Sciences of Meknes (Morocco); there were pots with plants of Bituminaria bituminosa and Atriplex nummularia grown alone (monoculture) and others with the association of the two species.
At the flowering stage of the plants, the growth as well as the nodulation parameters including respectively height and dry biomass and number and dry biomass of nodules was evaluated.
The results obtained revealed that Atriplex nummularia benefited from its association with Bituminaria bituminosa as its biomass was high in comparison to its monoculture. Besides that, the growth and the nodulation parameters of B.bituminosa were improved in mixed culture.

Obesity As A Major Risk Factor In N- Cov Disease.

J. Dhivyadharshini; A.S.Smiline Girija; Jayalakshmi Somasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2562-2571

The review gives an overview on the relation between obesity and n-CoV disease. A review has been done to understand the correlation of obesity with the n-CoV disease by retrieving a maximum of related articles from various search engines like PubMed, Google Scholar, MeSH, Core, Cochrane, bioRxiv, Semantic scholar and so on published from 2000 to 2020 (till date). Obesity is associated with SARS- CoV-2 which enhances inflammatory response in obese people compared to actual standard BMIs. Obesity is often specifically related to producing inflammation by triggering a cytokine storm in the lungs, which raises the likelihood of ARDS, thereby requiring respiratory assistance for the main issue. Obesity can hinder breathing by hampering the excursion of the diaphragm, inhibit immune responses to critical infection, it is pro-inflammatory and triggers diabetes and even oxidizing tension to worsen cardiovascular activity. This study indicates that obese people through respiratory viruses COVID19 are more likely to be hospitalized comparatively. The implementation of novel ideas on obesity control of ailments will certainly bring about a massive change. Constraining less dependence on recent literature in this area and also upgrading numerous research to increase consciousness among the general public so that they may take measures not to be vulnerable to COVID 19. The current research has shown a strong incidence of obesity in patients participating in medical treatment with SARS-CoV-2. Obesity can be hazard factored to SARS-CoV-2 severity which needs increased attention in susceptible individuals to take preventive measures


Nor Syakirah binti Shahroom; Arthi Balasubramaniam; Iffat Nasim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1081-1090

Dental erosion is a public health problem as it may affect various age groups and gender. It may lead to dentin hypersensitivity and eventually pulpal exposure if the erosion is severe and not treated which causes pain. Therefore, the study was done to find the association of gender with dental erosion. A retrospective study was conducted using University hospital patient records from July 2019 - March 2020. A total of 149 case sheets were reviewed. The data variables such as socio-demographic data, presence of dental erosion and number of teeth involved with dental erosion were retrieved and analyzed. Results were present with frequency distribution and chi-square test for association. Dental erosion was prevalent in males (64.4%) than females (35.6%). The age range of the patients included in the study was 21-80 years old out of which 21-40 years (14.8%), 41-60 years (57%) and 61-80 years (28.2%). Erosion in maxillary teeth involving 0-5 (85.8%) was the highest followed by 6-10 (14.1%) and erosion in mandibular teeth involving 0-5 (87.9%) was the highest followed by 6-10 (11.4%) and 11-15 (0.7%). There was no statistically significant association between gender, age with dental erosion in maxillary and mandibular teeth (p>0.05). Within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that dental erosion was prevalent in males of early 60’s and there was no association between gender, age with dental erosion in maxillary and mandibular teeth.


Shruthi Manivannan; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Murugan Thamaraiselvan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 810-821

Hypertension, sleep apnea and sleep disordered breathing are the important Global public health challenges the world is facing nowadays with the highest prevalence rate all over the world. Recently a large body of work has been going on in finding the association of sleep- disordered breathing, sleep Apnea and Hypertension in the Male population.The aim of this study is to determine the association of sleep- disordered breathing, sleep Apnea and Hypertension in the young, Adult and aged Male population.Standard survey questions based on sleep disordered breathing, sleep apnea and hypertension were designed and was uploaded in an online survey platform and circulated among the males. A total of 100 responses were collected and were statistically analysed. In this study we observed that there is an association of sleep disordered breathing, sleep apnea with hypertension (p<0.001, independent sample t-test).Since there were no previous studies to encounter this association in India. This study serves as an eye opener for the early diagnosis and treatment of sleep disordered breathing, sleep apnea and hypertension in the young, Adult and aged Male population. This study will be beneficial in the awareness of health care professionals to consider the evaluation of patients with hypertension, sleep apnea and sleep disordered breathing