Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : COVID-19 pandemic



European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 358-366

AIMS and OBJECTIVE: In light of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, this study made an effort to fill a knowledge gap about the influence of screen time (ST) on adolescents' lifestyle choices in India. During the COVID-19 pandemic in Karaikal, the study's goals were to 1) assess the frequency and duration of screen use, as well as screen addiction behaviours in 5-18year old children and 2) To know the effect of screen time on physical health.
MATERIALS and METHODS: The sample in this crosssectional study were 1000 children. A pre-structured  questionnaire is given to children to know their screen time during covid pandemic with parents/guardian consent and guidance. Parents were asked to fill the pre-structured questionnaire .
RESULTS: A total of 1000 children were enrolled in the study. High screen time i.e., >4hrs/day seen more in 16 – 18 years followed by 11-15 years then by 5-10years.Screen time had negative impact on physical health (P < 0.0001). High screen time in 16-18 years(51.13%) are more prone to overweight/obesity followed  by 11-15 years(45.53%) and then 5-10 years(35.63%) according to the study.
CONCLUSION: This study has paved the way for need of larger study and development of guidelines on impact of screen time on children in developing nations where screen time guidelines is yet to be set more so in era of COVID 19 pandemic


Mrs. Bhuvaneswari. S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 6159-6163

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge regarding computer vision syndrome and its prevention among collegiate students attending online classes during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The online electronic survey form was prepared on the Google app. The collegiatestudents were asked to respond to the questions asked, which had 2 part, part 1 consist of socio demographic variables, part 2 consist of questions related to CVS and its prevention. Total number of 100 samples were participated in this study, their responses were recorded in google sheet. The analysis have done by using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Onehundred college students responded to the questionnaire. The minimum score out of 20 was two and maximum score was 15, the mean value is 8.12, SD was 2.520. Out of 100 sample, approximately 25 percentage of collegiatestudents alone had more than 50% of knowledge on CVS and its prevention, the majority of 75 percentage of college students had less than 50% of knowledge on CVS and its prevention. The most common digital device used were smartphones (n = 86, 86%). Conclusion: Majority of the collegiate students do not have even 50% of knowledge about CVS and its prevention.


Dr. Kavitha BS,Dr. Shashiraj HK, Dr. Shomi Anand

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1685-1688

Introduction: The spread of COVID-19 pandemic globally has left us with many unanswered questions about the spread, modality of treatment and preventive measures to be taken to reduce its spread. Lack of sufficient knowledge about the virus and the lack of clarity about preventive measures has led to lot of confusion about healthcare practices. First year medical students although not involved in treatment of COVID-19 patients they can act as information providers and sensitize the community about the pandemic. Hence the present study was taken up among first year medical students.
Aim: To assess the basic knowledge about Novel Corona virus disease and its spread and clear the myths among them regarding COVID-19.
Materials and methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among first year medical students belonging to 2019-20 batch. Data was tabulated using Microsoft office excel sheet and the response were expressed as total count and percentages distribution. Data was analyzed using EPI INFO (Version 7).
Results: Majority of the study participants have good knowledge about the virus, origin of the first case and mode of spread.92.25% of the study participants knew that elderly and people with comorbidities were more prone for coronavirus disease. 100% of the study participants knew that RT-PCR test has the diagnostic test for COVID-19. The entire study participants knew about non availability of a vaccine to prevent COVID-19 infection and some vaccines were in different stages of clinical trials.
Conclusion: The students of first year MBBS have good background knowledge and awareness about coronavirus disease which will help us to use them as the information providers to sensitize community people about various preventive measures one has to take to prevent the spread of COVID-19 pandemic.


Dr. Shashiraj HK,Dr. Kavitha BS Dr. Shomi Anand

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1552-1555

Introduction: The spread of Covid-19 pandemic to India and the pandemic guidelines issued by the government to stop offline classroom teaching posed a big challenge to all educational institutes including medical colleges. Online teaching which was never a part of medical education suddenly assumed importance and was the only viable mode of teaching available during the pandemic. Hence the present study was taken up to assess the perceptions of first year MBBS students aboutthe online teaching.
Aim: To assess theperceptions of first year MBBS students aboutthe online teaching during covid-19 pandemic.
Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was carried out among first year MBBS students of 2019-20 batch of Sri Siddhartha Medical College. A self-structured questionnaire was administered to all study participants and the responses were recorded.
Results: Majority of the students reported that accessibility to record lectures which they can use to revisit any of the lecture classes and clear their doubts as one of the major advantages of online teaching. 84.66% of the students reported their liking to online classes because of the convenience and flexibility to attend classes in a familiar and comfortable environment in home. 30.66% of the students reported internet connectivity issues as one of the problems in distant mode of teaching.42.66% of the students reported less student teacher interaction as one of the major drawbacks of online teaching. 64% of the students reported curriculum content issues like having no practical demonstrations and no clinical visits to hospital as one of the major limitations of this mode of teaching. Majority of the study population displayed adequate knowledge to effectively use the technology to attend online classes.
Conclusion: Improved quality of internet connectivity and enhanced student teacher interaction would improve the learning experience of the students in online teaching.

Assessment of dental practitioner’s perception of COVID-19 pandemic effects on their clinical practice: A questionnaire-based study

Sridevi Ugrappa; Ajay Jain; Vijay Kumar Ugrappa

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 2931-2943

Aim: To evaluate the dentist’s perception regarding the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on
their clinical practice in the post-lockdown period.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted among dentists, practicing in
India, through an online close-ended structured questionnaire. Both convenience and
snowball sampling were used for the distribution of online forms. The frequency
distribution test and chi-square test (α=0.05) were performed for the demographics, clinical
expenditure of the dentists & treatment provided to the patients by the dentists and to
evaluate their perception of clinical practice in post-lockdown period, respectively. The null
hypothesis stated that there is no difference in their clinical practices and alternative
hypothesis stated that the dentists did anticipate and felt the change in their clinical
practices amid COVID-19 pandemic. The data were tabulated and analysed using IBM
SPSS for Windows, v. 21.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, USA).
Results: The response rate was 98.52% and the p-valuefor all the questions related to the
perception of their clinical practice amid COVID-19 pandemic was less than 0.05,
suggested that the dentists have anticipated and felt that there will be a change in their
clinical practice amid COVID-19 pandemic.


Kazakov Bekzod Shodiyorovich; Khodjiyeva Dilbar Tadjiyevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1446-1451

Various possible and non-mutually exclusive mechanisms may play a role in the development of ischemic stroke in patients with COVID-19. Long duration of mechanical ventilation (ALV) makes patients with COVID-19 who require invasive respiratory supportb more vulnerable to complications associated with the development of critical illness, including the risk of hypotension and inadequate cerebral perfusion; risk of relative hypertension leading to posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome; the possibility of septic embolism in the event of a bacterial infection; the possibility of cardiomyopathy and a concomitant decrease in the left ventricular ejection fraction.


Khodjiyeva Dilbar Tadjiyevna; Safarov Komiljon Kamolovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1458-1462

Currently, the world community is faced with a new infectious disease that has not only medical, but also enormous socio-economic significance - the COVID-19 pandemic. (coronavirus disease 2019). The article discusses brief etiopathogenetic aspects of the new coronavirus infection. The role of some of the factors contributing to the development of nephro- and cerebrovascular disorders in COVID-19 is discussed. Results of work on coronavirus infection summarized foreign researchers


Mr. N. P. Awari, Dr. P. B. Suryawanshi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 6110-6116

Before 8 months  nobody was aware about the corona virus (COVID-19) and now this virus has reached in almost all countries, infecting 86,162,875 peoples with 1,861,846 deaths.(as on 05th  January  2021 ,09:08 GMT ,Source-Worldometer information).Almost all countries are trying to make vaccine against corona virus but yet all are in developing stage. Now COVID -19 pandemic has reached a dangerous phase of second wave which is imposing the relock down worldwide. The economy of all entire countries has facing a huge slow down, suddenly falling stock markets, moving restrictions, lack of supply, unemployment are the major challenges worldwide. The healthcare systems of countries across the world are collapse due to the pandemic. Due to the fear of getting infected from corona virus and to maintain the physical distancing most of peoples are moving towards online purchasing during the lockdown period. Purchasing of the medicines through the digital platform is also not exemption for it due to ease of access in one click with safety during COVID-19 pandemic. E- Pharmacies with existing pharmacies have played the important role to help the nation in COVID -19 pandemic fight for 24 × 7.This research paper focuses on COVID-19and E-Pharmacy from different dimensions

Indonesian Community Behavior during the Covid-19 Pandemic

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 45-56

The coronavirus disease is already at an alarming level because it spreads to 34 provinces in Indonesia, and the mortality rate has reached 7-8%, which is far above the global average. Nevertheless, the government has worked hard to reduce the spread through various policies, including the closure of schools and offices, encouraging people to stay at home, and implementing the Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB). The policy has an impact on people's behavior. Therefore, an online survey was conducted to describe it. This survey was carried out from 5-10 May 2020, with 556 respondents of at least 17 years old, and it extended to various regions in almost all the provinces. Because it was online, the survey had limitations that could not represent the entire population. During the pandemic, various behaviors emerged in the community. Some people behaved as usual, while others acted like experts. Fifteen behaviors were studied, including COVID-19 knowledge, activities during the pandemic, anxiety levels, people's perception, and habit changes during the pandemic.

Biological resources - COVID-19. Legal support of biological resources for scientific purposes and biological safety

O. Narzullaev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 714-724

This article provides suggestions and comments on the development of new legislation based on new definitions, improvement of normative legal acts and their analysis related to the use of biological resources for scientific purposes and ensuring biological safety. It also analyzes the most important issues that contribute to the further development of the theory of environmental law in the field of protection and use of biological resources. On issues related to the use and protection of biological resources, analytical information on the establishment and effective functioning of scientific institutions, their legal status, biological threats and biological safety will be provided. It is argued that biological security is an important branch of national security. Natural ecosystems and their use, ie livestock, irrigated agriculture, forestry, fisheries, recreation, tourism and other sectors of the economy is directly related to biodiversity. Given the role of the environment, international regulation of the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their by-products is important. Biosafety alone is a pressing issue in the world. Documentation in this regard allows minimizing potential risks to the environment and human health. Finally, the legal use of biological resources for scientific purposes and the legal provision of biological safety provide a number of environmental legal recommendations related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Impact of E-Learning on Pharmacy Education: Pharmacy Students' Perspective during COVID-19 Pandemic

Zaid Mahdi Jaber Al-Obaidi; Qasim A. Bader1, Yasmeen Ali Hussain; Mohammed Dakhil Al- Rekabi; Hayder Kadhim Abbas; Dhurgham Qasim Shaheed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 265-270

Objectives: E-learning has jumped from an adjuvant tool to a crucial educational protocol
during COVID-19 pandemic. This has a particular value for Pharmacy Students as the
Pharmacy Education necessitates unique requirements. Consequently, this mixture of
requirements needs to be fully understood by educators to offer a better education for their
students. Accordingly, the authors conducted this study herein in, to facilitate the
understanding of E-learning correlated with Pharmacy Education in Iraqi Pharmacy Students'
Methods: The study design was designated to questionnaire of 540 pharmacy students in
three different Iraqi Universities. This involved two types of questions. The first with
multiple choice questions and the second with agreement question. The statistics utilized
were performed with GraphPad Prism version 8.4.3 (686).
Results: The results were observed with the employment of D'Agostino-Pearson omnibus
(K2) and the P value was recorded as 0.0106.
Conclusion: The authors find that the opinion of the pharmacy students could highly affect
the education outcome in according to their perspective during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Effect of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Education Costs in Vocational Nutrition Polytechnic

Arintina Rahayuni; Ida Zulaecha; Kardoyo .; Rusdarti .; Edy Cahyono; Supriyana .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 4213-4231

Vocational education plays a strategic role in the creation of a skilled workforce who is ready to enter the world of work. In order to achieve the standard competency level, the proportion of practice is required to be 60% and large financing is required. During the Covid-19 pandemic there were many changes in the world of education, PBM had to be done online or online, children's education costs were not fulfilled due to layoffs, the economy slumped and had an impact on entrepreneurship and the influence of student personal costs. The cost of education has changed a lot. A study of changes in financing is needed for planning learning in covid conditions and demands for changes in learning patterns in the 4.0 era. The design used in this research is an explanatory mixed method research, quantitative data is taken together with qualitative data collection. The independent variable is the influence of the pandemic, the dependent variable is the cost of education (education budget and student personal costs). Online survey using googleform. The sample of level II and III students who have been exposed to face-to-face and online learning is 143 students. The education budget & costs are presented with the percentage of reduction and increase. Individual operational costs before and during the pandemic were used the Mann Whitney test at 95% confidence level. The recurrent cost budget that is used to finance the operational activities of PBM for D3 Nutrition Study Program for one budget year, with the predicate BLU should have financial management flexibility, so that student advice to provide tuition fee relief, complete facilities (campus wifi, practical equipment, air conditioning class), providing adequate quotas and spending for practical purposes as well as sufficient costs for student activities can be facilitated. All budget items decreased during the epidemic, except for the cost of providing goods and services for competency and IT compliance. The results of the survey on individual personal costs showed that the significance of all items in question, parents' income, living costs and transport costs decreased before and during the pandemic, while Quota and refreshing costs / personal needs increased on average. A deeper study is needed on the education budget and changes in individual operational costs during the Covid-19 pandemic and facing the challenges ahead in the 4.0 era.