Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Menstrual Cycle


A STUDY ON GYNAECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS AND ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS IN GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE, KADAPA

Kesavachandra Gunakala, P.M. Rekharao, T. Bhavya, Vennela Mude

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 2360-2375

Background: Low socio economic group hailing from rural population was the maximum group of girls studied. To study various gynaecologicalproblems and etiological factors encountered in adolescent girls who attended the gynaecological OPD, at GMC, Kadapa.
Materials and Methods: A total of 200 cases of adolescent girls aged 10 -19 years who attended gynaecological OPD and emergency department. Detailed history with regard to gynaecological problems was taken from the patient and girl‟s mother was also interviewed to get accurate details about any previous medical problems if present.
Results: Maximum incidence of gynaecological problems was seen in age group of 17years. Among the various presenting complaints in studied adolescent girls, menstrual irregularities were the most common. Oligomenorrhoea was the most common menstrual problem in this study. Anovulation is the most common cause of menorrhagia in adolescents. Majority of adolescent girls suffered from anemia ranging from mild to severe types of anemia. 5.56% patients with puberty menorrhagia received blood transfusion. The most common cause of oligomenorrhoea was the hypothalamic pitutary gonadal dysfunction. Counselling and reassurance was an integral part of treatment strategies. PCOS and hypothyroidisms were the other endocrinological abnormalities common among the adolescent girls. Leucorrhoea in adolescent girls in my study were most commonly. physiological, counselled and explained to maintain proper hygiene.
Conclusion: A combined effort of team comprising gynaecologist, endocrinologist is required in arriving final diagnosis in case of primary amenorrhoea.

Menstrual Distress, Stress And Performance Of Female Basketball Players In Different Phases Of Menstrual Cycle

Navneet Dhadda; Dr. Sukhdev Singh; Dr. Mandeep Singh; Dr. Gurmej Singh Dhaliwal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 521-528

Objective of the study: The purpose of the study was to compare stress level, basketball performance and menstrual distress in during and post menstrual phases among the university level female basketball players. The relationship between stress level, basketball performance and menstrual distress was also ascertained. Method: A total 80 girls were purposively selected as subjects from different colleges of Punjabi University, Patiala. All the subjects were assessed for stress, basketball performance and menstrual distress in during and post menstruation phases of menstrual cycle. The stress level of subjects was measured with the help of Perceived Stress Scale
(PSS) developed by Sheldon Cohen (1988). Menstrual distress was assessed by using the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ) developed by Rudolf. H. Moos (1969).Basketball performance was assessed with the help of Johnson Basketball Test Battery design by L. William Johnson (1934).
Results: Paired sample t-test revealed that the basketball players had significantly (p<0.05) higher mean value on perceived stress scale in during menstruation phase as compared to post menstruation phase. Menstrual distress, pain and concentration were found to have significantly higher mean values (p<0.05) in during menstruation phase among basketball players. Behaviour and arousal were significantly (p<0.05) associated with perceived stress and control significantly associated (p<0.05) with basketball performancein post menstrual phase.
Conclusion: The performance of basketball players was not affected during the menstrual phase. Behaviour and arousal showed significantassociation with stress level and control was observed to be significantly associated with basketball performance in the post menstrual phase.