Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Cessation

To assess the outcomes of smoking cessation in post-ischemic heart diseases

Jaikirat Singh Gugnani, Harkamalpreet Kaur, Abhishek

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 3154-3156

Background: To assess the outcomes of smoking cessation in post-ischemic heart diseases.
Materials & methods: 60 smokers at the time of the first episode of ischemic heart diseases were enrolled. All the subjects belong to the age group of 40 to 60 years. Complete details of all the patients were obtained. A clinical examination of all the patients was carried out. Follow up was done at regular intervals. Risk evaluation was done at all intervals. A correlation between these was done with smoking cessation habits. All the results were recorded and analyzed.
Results: Out of 60 patients, 41.67% of the patients quit smoking while the remaining 58.33% of the patients continued smoking. Out of 25 patients with smoking cessation, mortality occurred in 3 patients. Out of 35 patients who continued smoking, mortality occurred in 15 patients. The survival rate was higher in smoking cessation cases.
Conclusion: Smoking cessation helps to improve outcomes among patients with post-ischemic heart diseases.


Keerthika Saravanan; Arthi Balsubramaniam; Santhosh Kumar MP

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1091-1098

It has been established that smoking is a very different addiction to break. Many smokers persist in
tobacco use for several years and cycle through multiple periods of remission and relapse Smoking is not a
single event process and relapse is an ordinary component of this process. International guidelines have
greatly emphasized on relapse prevention. Very few studies examine the association between the number
of cigarettes smokers consume per month and their response to cues derived from peer and physiological
distress. This study aims to evaluate association between peer pressure and relapses during tobacco quit. A
retrospective study was conducted by reviewing 75,000 patient records of University hospital for a period
of nine months from June 2019 to March 2020. About 150 case reports containing information on tobacco
dependence and quit rate (in terms of number of relapses) were retrieved and analysed. Descriptive
statistics was done to present the sociodemographic details. Chi-square association was done to find the
association. Most of the participants (34%) were in the age group 29-38 years, followed by 49-59 years
(26%), 19-28 years (24%) and 39-49 years (16%). About 13.3%, 20%, 4%, 10% of 19-28 yrs, 29-38 yrs,
39-48 yrs and 49-59 yrs of patients respectively had peer pressure during their quitting process.About
11.3% 20%, 8.67 and 13.3% of patients in the age group 19-28 yrs, 29-38 yrs, 39-48 yrs and 49-59 yrs had
no relapses during the quitting process.No significant association between age and number of relapses
(p=0.746; not significant). Hence proving no influence of age on relapse during quitting process. About
28% of patients with peer pressure and 25.3% without peer pressure had no relapse during quitting.
However 19.3% and 27.3% with and without peer pressure had >1 number of relapses. during their
quitting process,No significant association of peer pressure in relapse (p=0.295, not significant). No
influence of peer pressure on relapse during the quitting process. Peer pressure is not much influencing the
number of relapses during the quitting process, however a watch over this factor to be taken in account
during cessation counselling