Keywords : Ellis fracture
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1064-1068
Background: Visually impaired children suffer from many health problems which include orofacial trauma, dental caries, and periodontal disease. Out of these, orofacial trauma is the most common health hazards. The present study was conducted to assess traumatic dental injuries in children. Materials & Methods: 64 visually impaired children age ranged 4-14 years of both genders were recruited. The cause of the injury and the type of TDI was classified, according to the system described by Ellis classification.
Results: The main cause of injury was fall was 24, cycling in 10, sports injury in 16 and accident in 14 children. Ellis class I fracture was found in 10, class II in 18, class III in 12, class IV in 8, class V in 4, class VI in 1, class VII in 2, class VIII in 5 and class IX in 4 children. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: There was higher prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in visually impaired children.