Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Autoimmune

Prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Manohar Joshi, Akanksha Saberwal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 1618-1623

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease, the pathogenesis of which remains elusive. Recently, many studies have indicated that the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction is higher in SLE patients than in the general population. Present study was aimed to study prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Material and Methods: Present study was descriptive, cross‑sectional observational study, conducted in patients attending OPD / IPD, diagnosed cases of SLE by Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 lupus classification criteria. Results: In present study, 63 SLE patients were studied. Among 63 patients, only 3 were male (4.76 %), rest were female (95.24 %) & mean age was 34.56 ± 11.95 years. Prevalence of autoantibodies was noted as ANA (77.78 %), dsDNA (57.14 %), %), Anti-TPO (34.92 %) & Anti-Tg (30.16 %), In present study, normal TSH levels was 0.35-5.5 µIU/ml, normal fT3 levels was 2.1-4.4 pg/ml & normal fT4 levels was 0.7-1.8 ng/dl. In present study, abnormal TSH levels noted in 16 cases (high – 22.22 % & low- 3.17 %), abnormal fT3 levels noted in 14 cases (low – 20.63 % & high- 1.59 %) & abnormal fT4 levels noted in 18 cases (high – 1.59 % & low- 26.98 %). Thyroid dysfunction was noted in 27 cases (42.86 %), majority had subclinical hypothyroidism (17.46 %), clinical hypothyroidism (11.11 %) & subclinical hyperthyroidism (1.59 %), while anti‑TPO alone elevated noted in 8 cases (12.7 %). Conclusion: There is a greater possibility of missing the diagnosis of thyroid dysfunctions in SLE patients, as both the diseases have similar clinical manifestations. We noted higher incidence of thyroid dysfunctions in SLE patients

The Role of Oncology Pharmacists in optimizing patient care in Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia

Bedanta Bhattacharjee; Bhargab Deka; Nasima Ahmed; Bonti Sonowal; Arzoo Newar; Ashique Ahmed; Abu Md Ashif Ikbal; Amlanjyoti Rajkhowa; Alakesh Bharali; Gargi Das; Ritu Bharti; Ripon Sinha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 279-292
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.08.03.27

Immune thrombocytopenia or ITP is an autoimmune disorder in which the body creates autoantibodies against its thrombocytes or platelets that are destroyed, resulting in purpura or minor bleeding spots under the surface. It is most often found in cancer patients and is of growing concern.While the main causes of thrombocytopenia in cancer pat ients are chemotherapy and radiation, other aetiologies should also be considered in patients suffering
 from this debilitating disease. Thrombocytopenia causes a variety of complications in the treatment of cancer patients and therefore pharmacists need to be familiar with epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnostic methods, and emerging therapeutic options for chronic immune thrombocytopenia to help oncologists identify and implement realistic treatment measures for chronic immune thrombocytopenia patients undergoing cancer treatment.The objective of this review is to provide a brief overview of chronic immune thrombocytopenia and various strategies for the clinical management of the disease.