Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : childhood


The Importance of play During Childhood: The Lesson for care Givers, Parents and Pre-schools in Tanzania Gulistan State University, Faculty of Pedagogy, Department of Preschool Education

Komilov Jamoliddin; Bolibekov Alisher; Umarova Gulhod; Mamirova Zamira; Xazratkulova Gulyora

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5793-5802

As early as infancy, children immerse themselves in playful activities with the purpose of making sense of the world around them. However, their effort to achieve this is most frequently halted by parents, care givers and teachers who work around with them. There have been questions surrounding the importance of play for children in Tanzania. The major question has been what children learn when they play. Lack of knowledge on the importance of play for children has led parents, care givers and pre-school teachers deny children their rights to play, instead they have placed more emphasis on reading and arithmetic. This paper is based on literature review, and presents the developmental stages of childhood and discusses the importance of play for cognitive, social, emotional and physical development of children. The paper suggests that parents, community and preschools, and society as a whole should create conducive and safe environment for children to play, so as to help children to develop their capabilities to their full potentials.

ASSESSMENT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE REGARDING CHILDHOOD ASTHMA AT MAKAH CITY IN SAUDI ARABIA 2019. ACROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Mohammed Hussain Alahmadi, Nabeel Hussain Alharbi, Fahd Mohammed Alahmadi, Osamah Faisal Alganawy, Ahmad Rjaallah Al Saadi, Fardus mahmoud ibrahim Altakroni Sumaiah Mohammed Falattah, Maha Adnan Sabbagh, Effat Mogbel Al Mwalad, Azzah Zamil Alzaid Alsharif

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 406-415

Background:Asthma, the most common chronic illness in children is responsible for more school absenteeism than any other single chronic childhood condition. Acute asthma attacks while at school can cause considerable disruption to scheduled school activities, broadening its impact on school participation. Children with asthma face multiple challenges that encompass learning how to cope with. Bronchial asthma (BA) is a public health problem in all countries irrespective of their level of development, being generally under-diagnosed and undertreated, and most asthma-related death commonly occurs in low-income and lower-middle income countries. As for Saudi Arabia, it is estimated that more than 2 million Saudis have asthma, and the percentages range from 8% to 25% in Saudi children. In 2004, the highest prevalence of asthma was reported by physicians in Saudi Arabia (25%). Bronchial asthma is a serious disease since it is very common disease in Saudi Arabia, and it doesn’t only affect the individual physiologically, however it also affects the individual’s quality of life, leading to missing days from school or work, emergency hospital visits, hospitalization, and caregivers and parents’ time and effort. Consecutively, it affects the whole community.
Aim of the study:To assessment the knowledge of the regarding childhood asthma at Makah city in Saudi Arabia. 2019.
Method:A cross-sectional study was conducted   attending the primary health care centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An asthma knowledge questionnaire was used to measure the knowledge. during the April to June, 2019, participants were (800).
Results: Regarding awareness of the participant toward asthma study results show the majority of participant had average information were(59.0%) while weak awareness were(22.0%) the data ranged from(6-28) by mean ±SD(16.577±5.87).
Conclusion:The bronchial asthma knowledge in the Saudi Arabian population is insufficient, and efforts should be carried out to spread asthma knowledge to the people. Bronchial asthma management should include patients, parents, and public awareness regarding the disease, its symptoms, medications.

ABOUT ASSESSMENT THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF PARENTS ASTHMA IN THEIR CHILDRENAT MAKAH CITY IN SAUDI ARABIA 2019

Faisal Ali Maroof, Nozhah Ahmad Sulimani, Maha Marzoq Almawalad, Azzah Abdallah Ashi, Qassem Mohammad Alammari, Manahal Ahmad Alharbi Amani Ahmad Alsharif, Khalid Mohammad Alyami, Shroog omar albshri, Bashayer Ahmed alharbi, Azmi Abbas Hashem Albarakati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 416-426

Background
Children with asthma face multiple challenges that encompass learning how to cope with. Bronchial asthma is a public health problem in all countries irrespective of their level of development, being generally under-diagnosed and undertreated, and most asthma-related death commonly occurs in low-income and lower-middle income countries. Family management of asthmatic children is affected by several factors, primarily the parent’s knowledge and attitude toward asthma. In 2004, the highest prevalence of asthma was reported by physicians in Saudi Arabia (25%). Bronchial asthma is a serious disease since it is very common disease in Saudi Arabia, and it doesn’t only affect the individual physiologically, however it also affects the individual’s quality of life, leading to missing days from school or work, emergency hospital visits, hospitalization, and caregivers and parents’ time and effort. Consecutively, it affects the whole community, asthma, the most common chronic illness in children is responsible for more school absenteeism than any other single chronic childhood condition. Aim of the study: To assessment the level of Knowledge of parents about asthma in their children at MakahMethod: A cross-sectional study was conducted   attending the primary health care centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An asthma Knowledge of parents about childhood asthmawas used to measure the knowledge. During the October toNovember, 2019, participants were (200).
Results:Knowledge of the participant toward asthma study results show the majority of participant had average information Myths and beliefs regarding asthma were(65.0%) while Range (9-18) Mean± SD(12.144±4.15), regarding the General knowledge about asthmashow the majority of participant had average information were(51.0%) while Range (4-15) Mean± SD(11.58±3.15), also Knowledge about associated aspects of asthmathe majority of participant had average information were(78.0%) while Range (5-10) Mean± SD (7.108±2.011).
Conclusion:The asthma knowledge in the Saudi Arabian population is insufficient, and efforts should be carried out to spread asthma knowledge to the people among the parents and guardians of asthmatic children. asthma management should include patients, parents, and public awareness regarding the disease, its symptoms, medications, and highlight the misconceptions about asthma medications at both hospital level and community, for better control of asthma, more effort is needed to educate caregivers and to enhance them.