Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Social Capital

study on the Role of Social Capital in Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building evidence from the coastal communities, Odisha, India

Jaya Krishna Behera

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3266-3284

The purpose of this study is to highlight the role Social capital played in protecting the
most vulnerable families and individuals in emergency and carried out series of preventive
and preparedness strategies to effectively manage risk and crisis situation during the wake
of disaster. The researcher primarily engaged qualitative methods of data collection like
focused group discussion, key informant interview and observation. Men and women from
the different occupation very much affected by disasters like flood and cyclone in the year
2011(great flood), 2013 (cyclone Phailin) and 2019 (cyclone Fani) participated in the data
collection process. The empirical results suggest that social capital in the form of bonding,
bridging and linking extended humanitarian support to the individuals, families and
communities in pre, during and post disaster situation especially providing relief, rescue,
and evacuation and above all solaced the people suffered from psychological and physical
shocks due to horrendous loss of livelihood and infrastructure they witnessed. The
immediate support, cooperation and help that the disaster victims received are they
themselves. Before the govt. administration or any external help reaches, people in the
communities helped each other for survival. Social capital for and with the most
vulnerable people is like an informal insurance in cases of disasters.
These findings may be eye-opening fact for the readers, researchers, developmental
professional and policy makers to formulate a road map to build resilient communities

Social Capital And The Quality Of Government: The Strategy For Tax Policy Development

Tautoto Tana Ranggina Sarongallo; Tahir Kasnawi; Hasbi Lambe; Sakaria .; Irwansyah .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 1157-1165

The proposition offered is a gap due to the absence of integration of social capital at micro- and macro levels. So that this reality has an impact on not optimal motor vehicle tax payments. Therefore, this study emphasizes the importance of integrating social capital at micro (actor) level and macro (structure) level in order to optimize regional revenue from vehicle tax. This research is a qualitative approach. The research was conducted in 4 (four) districts and one city in South Sulawesi province. It was conducted from January 2019 to May 2020. The results show that the strategy of social capital management in increase obedient for vehicle taxpayer shows that the elements of social capital, namely: network; trust; values, norms and social sanction; cooperation and reciprocal relations still exist in the duality of agents structural and structures in social practices continually in routine. Hence, there is a disintegration of the meaning of agents to the implementation of elements of social capital.