Author : Anitha, C.
SCREENING AND INCIDENCE ANALYSIS OF HEPATITIS B VIRAL INFECTION IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS, KANCHIPURAM
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 1020-1024
Viral infection like Hepatitis B is a major global health issue and also for death it is a
leading cause. Over 1,00,000 die annually because of the disease related with Hepatitis B
infection and in India Hepatitis B carries about 40 millions . Employees in health care are at
higher risk of exposure to infection by percutaneous injury (e.g. needle stick, cut with sharps) 
HBV workplace exposure rises in millions of health care personnel and it is estimated that they
experience from 600,000 to 8, 00,000 cut and puncture injuries every year . Since blood
contains the highest HBV titres and acts as an essential mode of virus transmission in people
who are not vaccinated. The illness can be spread even after a single incident of needle stick
infection and even 0.00001 ml of blood . The seroprevalence of HBV in health care
professionals are four times higher than the general public. While it is a transmissible virus, it is
also one of the diseases preventable by full vaccination.