Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Benyamin, Andi Fachruddin

Relationship Between Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate With Plasma Lipid Levels In Non-Dialysis Diabetic Kidney Disease Patients

Cely Palebangan; Haerani Rasyid; Andi Makbul Aman; Syakib Bakri; Husaini Umar; Andi Fachruddin Benyamin; Hasyim Kasim; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 935-943

Aims: To assess the relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and plasma lipid levels in non-dialysis diabetic kidney disease (ND-DKD) subjects.
Materials and methods : In this cross-sectional study, outpatients from June to September 2020 who had been diagnosed with ND-DKD at Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital and Universitas Hasanuddin Hospital were enrolled. Creatinine was examined to determine eGFR based on the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) formulation, lipid profile, and metabolic characteristics. For statistical analysis, Pearson correlation test and Chi-Square test were performed, significant if the p < 0.05.
Results : Of the 103 study participants analyzed with a mean age of 54,7 ± 9,1 years, it was found that the mean showed dyslipidemia, with plasma lipid levels in mg/dl were 254.1; 45.9; 156.2; 191.8 for total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc), triglyceride (TG), respectively, and the mean eGFR value was 61.6 min ml/1.73m2. From the analysis of the relationship between eGFR and plasma lipid levels, it was found that only the HDLc level was significantly associated with eGFR, and this relationship was only influenced by female gender.
Conclusions : There was a significant positive correlation between eGFR and HDLc level in ND-DKD subject where the lower the eGFR, the lower HDLc level.

Profile of Vitamin D and Interleukin-8 in COPD Exacerbation

Riswan Idris; Muhammad Ilyas; Erwin Arief; Syakib Bakri; A Makbul Aman; Haerani Ra-syid; Hasyim Kasim; Andi Fachruddin Benyamin; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1484-1494

Background: To determine the profile of vitamin D and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in COPD exacerbation.
Method: This research is an analytical study with a cross-sectional approach conducted at the Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar from March-June 2020. Serum levels of vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) and IL-8 were measured using the ELISA method in 65 exacerbated COPD patients based on clinical examination, chest radiograph, & spirome-try. The exacerbation criteria were based on Anthonisen and divided into two groups ac-cording to the exacerbation frequency in the past year (frequent exacerbations was often ≥ 3 times/year, infrequent exacerbation < 3 times/year) and related to gender, age, nutrition-al status, smoking status based on the Brinkman index, and obstruction degree according to the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2019.
Results: This study consisted of 65 exacerbated COPD subjects (62 men, 95.4%), with age of ≥ 60 years 73.8%, frequent exacerbations of ≥ 3 times/year, 69.3%, vitamin D deficiency status of 76.9 %, and it was found to be significantly lower (15.1 ng/ml) at the frequent ex-acerbations of ≥ 3 times/year (P <0.01). The means of IL-8 levels were 187.48 +68.30 ng/L and found to be significantly higher (206.7 ng/L) in the frequent exacerbations ≥ 3 times/year (P <0.01). In all subgroups according to gender, age, nutritional status, smok-ing status, and obstruction degree, there was a tendency for the lowest vitamin D and higher IL-8 in the frequent exacerbations of ≥3times/year. Conclusion: Vitamin D levels were found to be the lowest and IL-8 was higher in COPD patients with frequent exacerbations of ≥ 3 times/year, compared to those with the infre-quent exacerbations of < 3 times/year.