Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Author : Bahmani, Tayebeh


The Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence and Happiness in Nursing Students studying at Shiraz and Tehran Universities of Medical Sciences

Fateme Hejazi; Mitra Rahimi; Marzieh Kargar Jahromi; Hadi Shafiei; SedighehYeganeh .; Tayebeh Bahmani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3759-3764

Introduction & Background: Spiritual intelligence has a major role in provision and promotion of mental
health. The importance of happiness in social participation, physical and mental health cannot be ignored, and
it is one of the most important priorities of psychology. The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship
between happiness and spiritual intelligence in the nursing students of Shiraz and Tehran University of
Medical Sciences. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study and the population consisted of nursing
students of Shiraz and Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Oxford happiness and spiritual intelligence
questionnaires were used in this study and data analysis was conducted using SPSS 22 software. The study
population comprised 541 nurses from nursing students of Shiraz and Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
Of these, 394 students from Shiraz and 147 from Tehran were selected. Results: The mean score of active
well-being for 5 happiness components of the two cities was statistically significant (P<0.001). The ratio of
problem coping between 4 components of spiritual intelligence was significantly different (P<0.001). Also,
there was a significant difference between the scores of spiritual intelligences in the employed and nonemployed
students (p<0.013). Conclusion: According to the results, students with higher levels of spiritual
intelligence were happier because these components are linked to mental health. The results of this study can
help improve the mental health performance for students in hospitals. It can also consider solutions for
improving spiritual intelligence and personal life of university students.